Ever since Node.JS got introduced, it has become a trending language for backend programming. A large number of top brands and heavy traffic attracting websites like Yahoo!, Netflix, LinkedIn, Microsoft, and eBay have been built using Node.JS as their platform of choice. Node.JS has surpassed its contemporaries and in no time become the most preferred programming language. It is mostly used for developing real-time applications that include live chat and live streaming applications.
Full Stack Development Services
Creating a full-fledged software product using simply a single technology is next to impossible. This is why technology stacks are made use of. Technology stacks, in simple terms, are a combination of programming languages which include their underlying frameworks, databases, libraries, templates, and all of the tools.
To put things in perspective, one must understand that each software product is created by combining the client-side and server-side codes. In most cases, a different language is used for creating either layer. A full stack development company can build an entire application which covers both front as well as backend and all the aspects in between. This is made possible by specialists present in the full stack development companywho possess a wide range of skills. The versatility in their skills set is their unique offering which attracts the biggest companies in the world to hire them for their holistic projects.
- Front End
- Back End
1. MEAN Stack
MEAN Stack can be regarded as an open-source tech bundle which is comprised of the frameworks MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node.JS. MEAN Stack web development is used by some of the tech industry leaders like Accenture, Google, PayPal, etc.
MEAN Stack is composed of the following components:
AngularJS is one of the most widely used front end framework that is used to create dynamic interfaces. The main feature that distinguishes it from the rest is its ability to interact with any web application without having to reload the page. This feature helps reduce the bandwidth and website performance.
2. MERN Stack
MERN Stack is very similar to MEAN Stack with only one exception â€“ in case of MERN stack development, Angular.JS is replaced with React. React.JS has been steadily growing in popularity over the last few years. It is a highly effective front-end open-source library which is mostly used for building dynamic UI. It was launched by Facebook and is currently powering the apps for some of the biggest technology giants like Tesla, Instagram, Skype, etc.
Since the difference between MEAN and MERN Stack development is solely related to the replacement of Angular with React, the pros and cons of choosing one stack over the other are dependent on that too.
React is easy to use for the developers, promises great performance, and is quite flexible. Angular, on the other hand, is a complete framework that can be used independently.
Top 10 Skills of a Full Stack Developer
1. Software Design and Architecture
Software design and architecture can be regarded as the top priority for any software development process. The full stack developer must be able to see the big picture and find solutions that are practical and feasible. The developer must have complete knowledge of the stack and know where to implement what in order to solve a problem.
2. DevOps Tools Basics
A skilled full stack developer must have working knowledge of DevOps. He should be familiar with continuous integration as well as continuous deployment â€“ which are the most basic requirements when employing full-stack development.
3. Database and Web Storage
Every web application that is developed requires a database where important data of the app is stored.An expert full stack developer has complete knowledge of rational databases, NoSQL databases, and can even manage memory storage. He must have working knowledge of JSON and XML.
4. Knowledge of Version Control System
An able full stack developer can create as well as manipulate database queries that can arise any time. The version control system is used to not only track, but even change the control to code. In other words, it allows developers to keep a track of all the changes that are made to the codebase.
5. Knowledge of HTML and CSS
HTML and CSS are rightly called the building blocks of any web application. It is essential for the developer to have good command over both these programming languages. This can assist the developer in creating an attractive as well as engaging front-end for users.
6. Backend Languages
While front-end languages are essential, backend languages are equally important as well. The backend of any application goes a long way in determining its performance, and therefore, predicting its success. Backend development is very different from front end development and a full stack developer must have knowledge of at least a few backend languages. These include: PHP, Python, Ruby, and Java.
NPM is the package manager which has been exclusively designed for Node.JS. it plays a significant role in the installation of different packages. Additionally, it offers very critical and relevant solutions for various dependencies. NPM can be easily configured, and therefore, can be used for many different types of applications.
8. HTTP and REST
Full stack developers must master both HTML as well as REST. This is because these two serve very unique purposes and cannot be interchanged in roles. HTTP allows communication with the client through the app, whereas REST helps gather data during any communication with the client. REST can be regarded as a translator between the front-end and the back-end of any application.
The internet is a tricky place where data theft is not uncommon. Therefore, it is essential to include security measures in each layer of any application. The full stack developer must possess a fair amount of knowledge about security and the various techniques that can be employed to guarantee better outcome.
10. Soft Skills
Apart from technical skills, soft skills are absolutely vital for a full stack developer.These include time management, attention to detail, team work, discipline, and an appetite for criticism. These soft skills go a long way in ensuring that the developer will be able to churn out desired results.