Cybersecurity: The Human Factor is Equally as Significant as Technology

Cybersecurity is more crucial than ever. And technology protects our online assets from potential threats. However, there are arguments that the human element works as the weakest link in the security chain.

From falling for phishing scams to using weak passwords, human error can lead to devastating consequences. However, we must recognize that human expertise and skills help companies with their data from cyberattacks.

Despite the rapid advancements in artificial intelligence, human input remains an essential aspect of cybersecurity. That is why this question: Do we still need human involvement when the adoption of AI in cybersecurity is increasing? For this, you should scroll below. In this blog, we will explore how the human element is critical to the success of any security strategy. First, it is good to know the role of technology.

Decoding perception

A survey conducted in 2021 among 500 IT managers revealed that 32% of the respondents believe that AI will take over all cybersecurity tasks with little human intervention. The root of this notion is the rapid advancements in AI and the belief that AI can replace human capabilities.

Let us look at some technological advancements that have greatly benefited cybersecurity:

  • Once a human-dependent task, attack surface management solutions have automated mapping and monitoring points that attacks can use to penetrate a system.
  • Email security solutions depend on Artificial Intelligence to identify and prevent phishing emails. It will reduce the requirement for continuous user training and education as the tools become more sophisticated.
  • AI-powered Security, Orchestration, Automation, and Response (SOAR) tools automate numerous tasks for security operations teams.

However, ChatGPT-3 has raised new concerns about human replacement in various industries. It is a sophisticated language model that can identify security vulnerabilities in code. Plus, ChatGPT can generate scripts for routine security tasks making it easy to envision a future model that will perform various valuable cybersecurity tasks fast and beyond human capabilities.

Skilled workers already struggle to find a job in this competitive market. And the fear of AI replacing common cybersecurity positions could bring discouragement for individuals.

Technology and humans are essential to ensure the ultimate security of systems. They work hand-in-hand. If technology boosts security skills, the human element offers uniqueness. If you are curious to learn more, keep reading.

How technology enhances security capabilities?

Here is a more accurate way to view technology. It helps in enhancing the security capabilities within organizations. The job duties of a cybersecurity analyst may evolve as technology advances. But it does not mean their role will become obsolete. We have listed some ways technology streamlines security processes.

  1. Security operations center

Security operations teams have to deal with numerous IT events regularly. As a result, it is not easy to identify malicious ones from a large volume of events. SIEM solutions help gather and analyze data. Here, technology has replaced manual data collection and analysis. But it has not replaced the need for human input in cybersecurity.

Additionally, SOAR tools can help add an extra layer of automation by creating automated workflows based on alert data. It enables human security analysts to respond more quickly and efficiently to real threats.

  1. Supply chain risk management software

Managing the security risks in applications from external sources is becoming more challenging. After all, modern apps are deployed on virtualized infrastructure and made up of proprietary and open-source code. Tracking and securing all the components in these apps is a complex task. Thanks to automated solutions such as software composition analysis (SCA), cybersecurity teams and developers can identify and track open-source components in code. Plus, it enables the remediation of supply chain risks related to vulnerable code artifacts.

What does the human element bring to cybersecurity?

What does the human element bring to cybersecurity?
  1. Business Acumen

Humans possess an inherent understanding of their company and other aspects. These are interactions, cybersecurity awareness, regulatory environment, and overall strategic goals. Their knowledge is a crucial component of any effective cybersecurity program. Also, it cannot be replicated by machine learning models or other advanced technologies.

  1. Creative ways to solve problems

Cyber analysts and penetration testers must think creatively to identify new, unexpected threats and develop innovative solutions to security challenges. While AI systems can exhibit some degree of creativity, it is limited based on the training. That means they do not have the same level of innovative thinking as humans.

  1. Emotional and Psychological Intelligence

In many cases, cyberattacks involve human threat actors who act with motives and psychological vulnerabilities. To address this, emotional and psychological intelligence is critical. It aids analysts in predicting, understanding, and modeling cyber threats, making human input an indispensable part of cybersecurity.

The bottom line

Based on this discussion, we can say that technology and AI in cybersecurity have made tremendous advancements. But they still have limitations in their ability to understand and interpret human behavior, motivations, and intent. Humans are still the best judge of what is suspicious in an organization’s operations. Additionally, the ability to think critically, problem-solve and make ethical decisions. And they are crucial in cybersecurity.

Lastly, no matter how powerful and advanced technology becomes, humans are here to stay.

Hopefully, this post adds value to your time. For more informative content, follow SoftProdigy. We house a team of experts with in-depth knowledge in the field.


  1. What are some ways to improve the human factor in cybersecurity?

Improving the human factor in cybersecurity can be achieved through various means. Some of these are listed below.

  • Employee training and awareness programs
  • Regular security audits and assessments
  • Implementing strict security policies and procedures
  • Encouraging a culture of security within the organization
  • Providing employees with the tools and resources, they need to do their job securely.
  1. Will technology replace the human factor in cybersecurity?

Technology can automate many security tasks. But it cannot replace the human factor in cybersecurity. People bring a unique set of skills and perspectives to the table and are needed to make decisions, solve complex problems, and respond to security incidents. Technology can help to support and enhance the human factor, but it cannot work alone.